The Eight Great Spelling Rules
Though the American-English spelling system has advanced from many sources, there are particular patterns which can be well-worth studying. These spelling patterns, or spelling guidelines, all have exceptions; nonetheless, they’re minimal. It’s at all times environment friendly to memorize the rule, quite than all the exceptions. In baseball, batters are taught to “search for the fastball, and alter for the curve.” The identical is true within the American-English spelling system. The next are the important thing spelling guidelines that work more often than not within the American-English spelling system.
1. The i earlier than e Rule
Often spell i earlier than e (consider), however spell e earlier than i after a c (obtain) and when the letters are pronounced as a protracted /a/ sound (neighbor).
2. The Remaining y Rule
Preserve the y when including an ending if the phrase ends in a vowel, then a y (delay-delayed), or if the ending begins with an i (copy-copying). Change the y to i when including an ending if the phrase ends in a consonant, then a y (pretty-prettiest).
3. The Silent e Rule
Drop the e (have-having) on the finish of a syllable if the ending begins with a vowel. Preserve the e (close-closely) when the ending begins with a consonant, has a gentle /c/ or /g/ sound, then an “ous” or “in a position” (peaceful, attractive), or if it ends in “ee”, “oe”, or “ye” (freedom, shoeing, eyeing).
4. The Double the Consonant Rule
Double the consonant, when including on an ending (permitted), if all three of those circumstances are met: 1. the final syllable has the accent (per / mit) 2. the final syllable ends in a vowel, then a consonant (allow). 3. the ending you add begins with a vowel (ed).
5. The Ending “an” or “en” Rule
Finish a phrase with “ance”, “ancy”, or “ant” (emptiness, conceitedness) if the foundation earlier than has a tough /c/ or /g/ sound or if the foundation ends with “ear” or “ure” (clearance, insurance coverage). Finish a phrase with “ence”, “ency”, or “ent” if the foundation earlier than has a gentle /c/ or /g/ sound (magnificent, emergency), after “id” (residence), or if the foundation ends with “ere” (reverence).
6. The “in a position” or “ible” Rule
Finish a phrase with “in a position” if the foundation earlier than has a tough /c/ or /g/ sound (despicable, navigable), after an entire root phrase (teachable), or after a silent e (likeable). Finish a phrase with “ible” if the foundation has a gentle /c/ or /g/ sound (reducible, legible), after an “ss” (admissible), or after an incomplete root phrase (audible).
7. The Ending “ion” Rule
Spell “sion” (phantasm) for the ultimate zyun sound or the ultimate shun sound (expulsion, compassion) if after an l or s. Spell “cian” (musician) for an individual and “tion” (situation) in most all different instances.
8. The Plurals Rule
Spell plural nouns with an s (dog-dogs), even people who finish in y (day-days) or people who finish in a vowel, then an o (stereo-stereos). Spell “es” after the sounds of /s/, /x/, /z/, /ch/, or /sh/ (box-boxes) or after a consonant, then an o (potato-potatoes). Change the y to i and add “es” when the phrase ends in a consonant, then a y (ferry-ferries). Change the “fe” or “lf” ending to “ves” (knife-knives, shelf-shelves).