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Health, Safety And Environmental Management for the 21st Century – My Experience in Kazakhstan

Introduction

This text summarizes my experiences in growing a extremely profitable HSE (Well being, Security And Environmental Administration) program inside PetroKazakhstan (a Canadian owned oil firm) which had only a few HSE programs and packages earlier than I arrived. On this paper, I attempt to current as clear as doable an image of the place the group, PetroKazakhstan, was once I arrived and what actions I took alongside the way in which to HSE success.

My Arrival:

I had by no means been to Kazakhstan earlier than or to any of the Former Soviet Republics. I did analysis the nation by means of the Web and located that Kazakhstan was not the barren arctic waste-land I had envisioned however moderately a phenomenal and numerous nation with mountains and plains (known as steppe) and even a portion of the Caspian Sea, the world’s largest recent water lake. PetroKazkhstan’s HQ was situated in Almaty, a phenomenal metropolis which was a mix Asian and European structure and tradition.

My first day on the job was January 4, 2004. Like all new workers I needed to meet the individuals, perceive the group, and discover a place to reside. I rented a pleasant condominium in an ideal location known as Samal 2. This space is close to the mountains and my condominium was subsequent door to the RamStore, a mall with a grocery retailer which made my preliminary expertise very nice. I solely had solely a 2 minute stroll to get my requirements.

The Job:

My place, HSE-Director was a brand new place reporting to the President. Beforehand, there had been an HSE & Coaching Director situated within the Oil Discipline however his function was primarily associated to coaching. My first process was to go to the oilfields and see what was occurring there and to speak to the individuals each in HSE and operations. PetroKazakhstan (PK) had 2 major working teams, one known as PKKR which was the oil producing aspect and the opposite known as PKOP, the refinery. PK additionally had rail loading terminals, oil storage amenities and retail petrol stations.

My Visits:

I had determined earlier than leaving on my area go to that I might:

Meet as many key individuals as doable and hopefully persuade them to inform me about HSE of their areas, the nice, dangerous, and ugly.

Go to the oil area operation websites and have a look for myself, evaluating hazards and danger measures being taken to regulate them.

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Overview the corporate HSE insurance policies and procedures

Make a abstract of gaps I noticed and consider the gaps vs. trade greatest HSE administration programs

Our 10 level HSE plan (based mostly upon hole evaluation vs. trade leaders ) included:

Improve Administration HSE Management- We would have liked to know how Firm managers/supervisors noticed their function in HSE. We then wanted to develop workshops which might establish key HSE roles and duties for managers and supervisors. Efficiency objectives for HSE would be included in administration’s Annual Efficiency Appraisal.

Incorporate Threat Administration & Evaluation – Hazard identification coaching ought to be offered for all staff in addition to Introduction to Threat Administration for all managers and supervisors.

Enhance HSE Coaching – HSE coaching plans weren’t developed for every web site based mostly upon danger. New coaching plans for staff based mostly upon danger wanted to be developed as properly coaching for supervisors on how one can consider their staff in HSE efficiency.

Develop Contractor HSE Programs – There have been no Contractor HSE Administration programs. Contractor HSE Applications had been recognized as a crucial want. A suggestion was made to rent an skilled HSE Contractor Specialist to get this system began.

Develop Security in Design – PK had relied upon EPC contractors to make sure security in design previously. A “security in design plan” would require uniform security design procedures for all future EPC contracts. A key requirement can be a mandated Security in Design Plan.

Replace Operations & Upkeep Plans- There have been many gaps in operator coaching in addition to an absence of Commonplace Working Procedures (SOPs) in lots of key job duties. A contractor to develop the operator coaching and SOPs was proposed. Upkeep and integrity procedures wanted to be reviewed and up to date. A proposal for a computerized integrity upkeep system was instructed.

New Info & Documentation System – A number of HSE studies being generated inside PK however not underneath uniform requirements and never mixed for overview by senior administration. A centralized and uniform HSE reporting system and database was proposed.

Improve Disaster & Emergency Plans- Usually the Emergency Response plans had been excellent and complied with Kazakh legislation. Nonetheless, PK lacked a company disaster administration plan. We proposed that each one native web site emergency response plans be reviewed and up to date and the employees be skilled in keeping with these plans. Plans also needs to be translated into each languages used within the area, i.e., English and Russian. Hiring an skilled emergency response advisor to develop a company Disaster Administration Plan was seen as a logical approach ahead.

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Revamp Incident Investigation & Prevention – Since there have been no uniform accident investigation procedures or accident reporting types, we proposed that new procedures and types for incident investigations be developed. Coaching can be offered to all security/environmental engineers and supervisors on root trigger evaluation and the rules of accident investigation.

HSE System Evaluation & Enchancment – Plans had been to be developed for HSE system audits which might overview these 10 factors on an annual foundation, reporting the outcomes to senior administration.

What did we do first?

When confronted with 25-30 HSE system gaps, what would you do first? I’ve at all times fallen again on my fundamental core perception that you simply prioritize based mostly upon danger. That’s what we did. For instance, the refinery had no PPE (private protecting tools) necessities so we drafted a PPE regulation and began the procurement of PPE. On the similar time, we secured a coaching firm to return in for PPE coaching. The accident reporting and investigation system was not a dependable indicator of accidents occurring within the area. Only a few contractor accidents had been reported and few supervisors knew how one can full an accident investigation kind. The everyday explanation for an accident was “negligence”. The everyday corrective motion was “ship the injured to the clinic”. The identical accidents had been repeating time and again. We instantly revised the accident process and types after which carried out a coaching program for incident investigation. A deadly accident occurred in February, 2004, which steered me to overview and replace the Scorching Work Allow system and to begin implementing Contractor HSE Administration. Till then, contractors had been on their very own as to how one can conduct their work. The deadly accident modified all that. We began by issuing guidelines from senior administration that each one contractor actions can be overseen by a neighborhood web site supervisor. We additionally modified the Allow system to require that native web site supervisors signal and audit the work. In the mean time, the Allow system was revised and coaching was offered.

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On a broader scale, I knew the corporate wanted to know its dangers and how one can handle them. I contracted a revered danger administration agency to conduct a QRA (quantitative danger evaluation) and to replace our Emergency Response System. The QRA would establish our main course of and HSE dangers and supply suggestions to scale back these dangers. Our Emergency Response System was mainly restricted to what the Kazakhstan authorities required. We would have liked a company disaster administration plan which might oversee and direct actions in time of main incident.

These crucial measures had been totally endorsed by PK senior administration they usually offered their full assist in making certain that the ten factors to HSE success had been put into place.

Abstract & Outcomes

By the top of the primary yr, each part of PetroKazakhstan’s HSE efficiency had improved considerably. The ten parts of the PK HSE Security Administration System had been in place with improved leads to HSE, morale and productiveness. The keys to PK’s HSE success had been:

– Identification of HSE gaps vs. Finest Trade Observe

Improvement of a “Match for function” HSE Administration System

Senior Administration involvement and assist

Measurement of HSE gaps, analysis of the gaps with corrective actions taken

Have a good time HSE success typically

Notice: I turned over my HSE Director function to my deputy HSE Director (a neighborhood Kazakh) after the 1 yr project resulted in December 2004. I left feeling assured that PK would change into an trade chief in HSE. In August, 2005, the China Nationwide Petroleum Company acquired PetroKazakhstan.