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Comparison of Harvesting Methods for Aronia Berries

Introduction

There are no less than 3 ways to reap aronia berries. These are hand harvesting, machine harvesting, and self decide harvesting. Every of those are mentioned on this article and the price contain with every technique.

Hand Harvesting

Hand-harvesting affords extra exact choice and tends to do a greater job of choosing extra of the berries. Mechanical harvesters enable for a extra environment friendly, typically a less expensive course of. Mechanical harvesting is well-suited for giant aronia berry plantings that lay on a flat patch of earth. The kind of harvesting by hand-picking, mechanical harvesters or a mixture of the 2 is influenced by a number of components.

For hand harvesting, from an employer’s perspective, a chunk fee system gives two benefits over an hourly wage system. First, a chunk fee establishes upfront the unit value for the job a employee is employed to do. Second, a chunk fee system doesn’t require shut and fixed supervision of a employee’s productiveness. This implies the employees must be self-motivated. Whereas a flat hourly, or wage cost system ensures a hard and fast fee earnings, it additionally removes the chance for a employee to earn greater than the acknowledged hourly wage. As well as an hourly wage system removes the productiveness incentive, employers could also be deprived if employee efficiency is under that of extra environment friendly pickers. Beneath an hourly wage system shut supervision of employee effort is required.

The next instance assumes 700 bushes planted per acre with a median yield of 20 kilos of berries per bush. A choosing fee of 16.1 kilos per hour and an hourly wage of $8.00 is used. You should utilize the numbers that apply to your operation. The worksheet additionally lets you calculate your hand harvest prices for those who pay pickers on a per pound foundation. With these assumptions, hand harvesting an acre of berries requires 870 hours of labor at a wage of $8.00/hour. The working value of hand harvesting is (870 hours × $8.00/hour) $6957/acre.

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a. Aronia berry bushes – 700 bushes

b. Yield per bush – 20 lbs

c. Choosing fee – 16.1lbs/hour

d. Per pound labor fee – $ 0.50 $/lb

Whole manufacturing a × b =14,000 lbs

Hours (a × b) / c = 870 hours

Whole value (a × b) × d = $ $6957 {dollars}

Price per bush (b × d)= $ 9.94 {dollars}

Hourly wage (c × d) = $8.00 {dollars}

Variety of pickers/week ((a × b) / c) / 40= 22 pickers

Thus for hand choosing a 14000 lb harvest at $1.00 per lb could be. $14,000 gross with a harvesting value of$ 6957 the online revenue could be $7043 per acre not counting different manufacturing value. 10 acres may internet $70,430.

Machine Harvesting

There are two classes for equipment prices: possession prices (or mounted prices) and working prices (or variable prices). Possession prices embrace the price of the gear that are a hard and fast value irrespective of how a lot (or how little) you utilize the choosing machine. The opposite associated value embrace repairs, housing prices, depreciation, curiosity, and insurance coverage,. The variable working prices related to utilizing the machine and can differ relying on how a lot you utilize the gear. The working prices embrace the labor required for operating the gear, gas, lubrication, and the prices of different essential gear.

Possession Prices

You might be able to purchase a pull-type harvester for $30,000.

Repairs

Restore value for belts, pulleys, motors and so forth is estimated to value $200 per 12 months. You also needs to determine in an quantity for upkeep and repairs. A urged quantity is 8% of the acquisition worth, or $2400 over the 20 12 months time interval.

Housing Price

Housing value is estimated to be $500 per 12 months. You’ll have space for storing obtainable in your farm.

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Depreciation

Since you might be utilizing the picker sometimes and on a small quantity of land, the helpful lifetime of the implement could also be about 20 years after which it has no market worth. With these assumptions, your depreciation value could be computed to be ($30,000/20 years) = $1500/12 months.

Curiosity

If you happen to borrow cash to buy the harvester the price of borrowing should be thought-about. The rate of interest ought to be included in your value calculation. Even for those who use your individual funds to buy the gear, it’s best to determine in what you may earn from utilizing that cash elsewhere. Because the worth of the machine declines over time (because of depreciation) the usual technique is to calculate curiosity prices utilizing the typical worth over the lifetime of the machine, on this case, $15,000. Assuming an rate of interest of 6% and a median worth your curiosity value is $15,000 × 0.06 = $900 per 12 months.

Insurance coverage

You have to to insure your new aronia berry harvester. An estimate for Insurance coverage value are sometimes about $10 per $1000 of valuation. For $30,000 berry picker that may be $300 per 12 months. Your present insurance coverage coverage could also be ample to cowl your new buy.

Whole Possession Prices $ 1500 + $200 + $500 + $900 + 300 = $ 3,400.00 per 12 months

Price comparability breakeven acres =

Whole Possession Prices (per 12 months) = $ 3,400

Hand Variable Prices/acre – Machine Variable Prices/acre $ 3,400.00 per acre- $ 6957/acre = $3557 further value handy harvest one acre in comparison with machine harvesting. 3400/6957 = 0.49 %

Thus for something over 0.5 acres machine harvesting is most economical.

3400/6957 = 0.49 %

Thus for machine harvesting a 14000 lb harvest at $1.00 per lb could be. $14,000 gross with a harvesting value of $ 3400 the online revenue could be $10,600 per acre not counting different manufacturing value. 10 acres may internet $106,000.

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You Choose Operations

A technique to assist management value is to have a “you decide” berry operation. You decide shouldn’t be as well-liked as you decide blueberry operations as a result of the aronia berries are bitter and should be made into juices, jams and different merchandise.

Advertising aronia berries as fundraisers for faculties and church youth teams work properly for some operations. It’s a good strategy to market aronia berries. It eliminates the price of hand harvesting. Advertising aronia berries as fundraisers for faculties and church youth teams additionally gives are alternative to teach individuals concerning the well being advantages of aronia berries. This technique can improve your income and make small farms worthwhile.

Abstract

For aronia plantings of higher than ½ acre in dimension machine harvesting is essentially the most economical operation. As an interim measure you utilize decide operations to be worthwhile. For industrial operations not solely is machine harvesting is most sensible, it’s important. As well as giant acreages are required to draw giant patrons for the manufacturing of juices. Giant acreages are additionally required to be worthwhile and aggressive as a result of Europe has many 1000’s of acres of arona and are advertising them in america at very aggressive costs.